Last week we had a Catalan film festival and conference: Under the Magnifying Lens: Catalan Cinema of the Real. I was merely a spectator, hopefully we will get a more inside look later. Many of the leading Catalan film makers came to Stanford. While many topics were discussed, I came out with one basic one that I feel is yet to be answered: what is Catalan film? I understand that Catalan literature is literature written in Catalan. But language is the medium of books. Is there something special about the visuals and audios of Catalan film that defines it as different than say Spanish, French, or Italian film? Wikipedia was little help. I did find some information at the Lincoln Center, but neither of these sites talks about the film medium. I feel that theme and language are such a small part of film that they cannot define it. Maybe this leads to another question: is there such a thing as a national cinema or is cinema a universal medium?